Functional Fibers

The progress made in fiber production industry allowed meet the various requirements that have emerged and continue to emerge to meet the market needs.

The growing demand for new materials to meet new needs, led the textile industry to evolve towards new features, imposed on materials.

The functionalization of properties is defined as all points which go beyond the aesthetic decoration, including so-called “smart properties”, are properties that imposed to the material so that it reacts to an external stimulus, for example the temperature.

Thus, the functional fibers are fibers that perform a specific function may be defined as being unique, in that each is able to respond in a given situation, i.e., any fiber that presents an innovative feature, unusual or conventional.

This functionalization can be obtained by the intrinsic characteristics of the base polymer itself, the addition of specific compounds during the extrusion process or chemical finishing of the fibers after extrusion or harvesting.

Antimicrobial fibers, thermoregulatory resistant to high temperatures, moisture management, among others, are examples of functional fibers.

Fibras Naturais

Natural Fibers

The natural fibers can be of animal, vegetable or mineral origin. In recent years there has been a renewed interest in natural fibers considering the issues related to the sustainability of the planet.

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Non-Natural Fibers

The non-natural fibers have been developed with the aim of improving various properties such as mechanical efficiency, thermal stability and electrical conductivity, to natural fibers.

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fibras inorgânicas

Inorganic Fibers

Inorganic fibers, also sometimes called high performance fibers or super-fibers, have characteristics and properties that differ from other man-made fibers.

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fibras funcionais

Functional Fibers

Functional fibers are fibers which perform a specific function, may be defined as being unique, in that each is able to respond to a given situation.

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Nanofibers

Nanosciences and nanotechnology led to the nanofibers and is currently the main focus of research, development and innovation, where investments have been significant.

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fibras multicomponentes

Multicomponent Fibers

It is hoped that in the future, the possibility of combining the properties of the base polymer, the bicomponent fibers are assumed to be engineered materials in areas as diverse as medicine, architecture, agriculture and even fashion.

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